LAMP installations (Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP) are a popular setup for Ubuntu servers. There is a plethora of Open Source applications written using the LAMP application stack. Some popular LAMP applications are Wiki's, Content Management Systems, and Management Software such as phpMyAdmin.

One advantage of LAMP is the substantial flexibility for different database, web server, and scripting languages. Popular substitutes for MySQL include Posgresql and SQLite. Python, Perl, and Ruby are also frequently used instead of PHP.

The traditional way to install most LAMP applications is:

  • Download an archive containing the application source files.

  • Unpack the archive, usually in a directory accessible to a web server.

  • Depending on where the source was extracted, configure a web browser to serve the files.

  • Configure the application to connect to the database.

  • Run a script, or browse to a page of the application, to install the database needed by the application.

  • Once the steps above, or similar steps, are completed you are ready to begin using the application.

A disadvantage of using this approach is that the application files are not placed in the file system in a standard way, which can cause confusion as to where the application is installed. Another larger disadvantage is updating the application. When a new version is released, the same process used to install the application is needed to apply updates.

Fortunately, a number of LAMP applications are already packaged for Ubuntu, and are available for installation in the same way as non-LAMP applications. Depending on the application some extra configuration and setup steps may be needed, however.

This section covers howto install and configure the Wiki applications MoinMoin, MediaWiki, and the MySQL management application phpMyAdmin.


A Wiki is a website that allows the visitors to easily add, remove and modify available content easily. The ease of interaction and operation makes Wiki an effective tool for mass collaborative authoring. The term Wiki is also referred to the collaborative software.